The conflict in adolescent dating relationships inventory
Little is known about intervening processes that explain how prevention programs improve particular youth antisocial outcomes.We examined whether parental harsh discipline and warmth in childhood differentially account for Fast Track intervention effects on conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in early adolescence.The intervention goal was to develop social competencies in children that would carry them throughout life, through social skills training, parent behavior management training with home visiting, peer coaching, reading tutoring, and classroom social-emotional curricula.Manualization and supervision ensured program fidelity. 98% participated during grade 1, and 80% continued through grade 10.Participants included 891 high-risk kindergarteners (69 % male; 51 % African American) from urban and rural United States communities who were randomized into either the Fast Track intervention (n=445) or non-intervention control (n=446) groups.
We discuss implications for efforts to prevent externalizing problems in high-risk children and for public policy in the genomic era.
At age-25, arrest records were reviewed (n=817, 92%), and condition-blinded adults psychiatrically interviewed participants (n=702; 81% of living) and a peer (n=535) knowledgeable about the participant. E., & The Conduct Problems Prevention Research Group (2015).
Results: Intent-to-treat logistic regression analyses indicated that 69% of controls displayed at least one externalizing, internalizing, or substance-abuse psychiatric problem (based on self or peer interview) at age 25, in contrast with 59% of those assigned to intervention (Odds Ratio = .59, Confidence Interval= .43, .81; Number Needed to Treat = 8; p Pasalich, D. Indirect effects of the Fast Track intervention on conduct disorder symptoms and callous-unemotional traits: distinct pathways involving discipline and warmth.
We discuss the contribution of these findings to the growing literature on genetic susceptibility to environmental intervention. One potential source of such variation is the genome.
We conducted a genetic analysis of the Fast Track randomized control trial, a 10-year-long intervention to prevent high-risk kindergarteners from developing adult externalizing problems including substance abuse and antisocial behavior.