Supportive evidence for evolution from radiometric dating

Neanderthal 1 was known as the "Neanderthal cranium" or "Neanderthal skull" in anthropological literature, and the individual reconstructed on the basis of the skull was occasionally called "the Neanderthal man".The binomial name Homo neanderthalensis—extending the name "Neanderthal man" from the individual type specimen to the entire group—was first proposed by the Anglo-Irish geologist William King in 1864, although that same year King changed his mind and thought that the Neanderthal fossil was distinct enough from humans to warrant a separate species.During the early 20th century, a prevailing view of Neanderthals as "simian", influenced by Arthur Keith and Marcellin Boule, tended to exaggerate the anatomical differences between Neanderthals and Cro Magnon.

The type specimen is Neanderthal 1, found in Neander Valley in the German Rhineland, in 1856.neanderthalensis, which is predicated by King 1864.The common name in German is always invariably Neandertaler (lit.They seem to have appeared in Europe and expanded into Southwest and Central Asia.They are known from numerous fossils, as well as stone tool assemblages.

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