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By taking a higher rent himself, he exercised the right of an unlimited proprietor; but did nothing which was inconsistent with his intention of circumscribing the powers of his successors. In the case of Murray it was found that the Lyon's jurisdiction was not privative, and this implies that the Court of Session has such a jurisdiction; that a question of this nature, while depending in the Lyon Court, may be brought here by advocation, or, after the thing is done, by reduction; and this I hold to be a well-founded doctrine.The surplus rent, which he himself stipulated, may no doubt be levied by the Pursuer; but were he to renew the current leases, without confining the rent of the whole estate to £.1000, as he would then, by a voluntary act of his own, be violating the terms of the entail he would be guilty of an act of contravention. After a good deal of reasoning, the Court came to be of opinion, That the clause was to be held as discharged by the entailer, rebus ipsis et factis. We ought therefore to repel the defence so far as founded on defect of jurisdiction, and remit to the Ordinary [Lyon] to hear on the objections to the title and libel. The Lyon's reason is, because, by an express letter of his Majesty's, none underl the dignity of a Lord must use supporters. Mr Murray presented bill of advocation, which was past. ABOUT the same time, in June, 1673, I heard of a process some Barons and Gentlemen had intended against my Lord Lyon, to hear and see it found and declared that he had done wrong in refusing to give them forth their coats of arms with supporters, whereof they and their predecessors had been in possession past all memory, and never quarrelled till now; and, therefore, that he might be decerned to immatriculate them so in his register, and give them forth an extract; conform, as is provided by the late act of Parliament in 1672. A summons before the Lyon Court having been brought at the instance of Procurator-Fiscal against Murray of Touchadam, concluding for payment of the statutory penalty for wearing arms though not matriculated, and for confiscation of the moveables upon which they were engraved; the Lyon Court gave decreet in terms of the libel.
But, as to the former parts of the process concerning Mr Murray's right to arms, and the jurisdiction of the Lyon, they thought them unjustifiable, and that the Lyon was liable in the expenses incurred on that account; and, 9th July 1778, they refused a reclaiming petition without answers, and adhered. Indeed, supposing he had not made such a deed, there would have been no room for that presumption. The Lords " found it incumbent on the pursuer, and the other heirs of entail, to follow out the tailzier's appointment, in carrying the name and arms of Moir of Leckie ; and, for that purpose, to obtain from the Lyon-office arms of that description, descendible to the heirs of entail of Leckie." Lord Reporter, Justice-Clerk. The only question, therefore, properly before us, is the general one, whether this Court is competent to entertain an action as to the right to armorial bearings; and we cannot go into the other defences, that the pursuer has no title or interest, or that his libel is not properly laid.were in public possession of a coat armorial in 15, long prior to the Act of Parliament 1592: finds that this public possession has been continued in the family of the Murrays of Touchadam unto the present times, with respect to charge, as well as with respect to field: finds, that it must be presumed, since no evidence is offered to the contrary, that the colours of field and charge were the same anciently as now: finds it proved, by the evidence produced, or referred to, and not contradicted, that, ever since the year 1660, the family of Murray of Touchadam has been wont to give or bear the supporters, crest, and device which the said William Murray now gives or bears: finds, that such long possession infers an antecedent right, or excludes all challenge on account of defect of such antecedent right : finds,that although the Procurator-fiscal has been called upon, by an interlocutor of the Ordinary, specially to set forth whether it is proposed to matriculate the arms of William Murray of Touchadam as of one entitled to bear arms on matriculation, or to give arms to him as a well-deserving person, in terms of the Act 1672; and of the former, is proposed, what are the arms which Murray of Touchadam ought to bear on matriculation ;yet that he refuses to make any answer to this question, which is plain, and can be answered by any one, versant in the science of heraldry : Therefore, and upon the whole, finds, That the representative of the family of Touchadam was entitled to be matriculated, in terms of the statute 15, for the armorial bearings whereof William Murray of Touchadam, raiser of the advocation, is in possession. It was pleaded in limine that the action was incompetent before the Court. Lyon), before answer as to the pursuer's title, made avizandum with the cause to the Lords of the Second Division of the Court, and ordained parties' procurators to prepare informations thereon as to the competency of the action in this Court." Informations were accordingly lodged, in which the pursuer pleaded, 1.And having considered the original precept or summons at the instance of the Lord Lyon and the Procurator-fiscal of Court against the said William Murray, finds, That the conclusions thereof are altogether penal ; and having considered. that prior to 1672, the Lyon had no jurisdiction in matters of arms, the cognisance of which belonged solely to the Privy Council, and the Supreme Civil Court, which had also the power of reviewing all the proceedingsof the Lord Lyon; 2.The complainers are the Lairds of Dundas, Halton, Polmais, &,c. The matriculations, since the year 1672, are all contained in one very large folio, in manuscript, on vellum ; and from the institution of said register to the present time the entries are regular, only until of late they did not mention dates. PROCURATOR-FISCAL of the LYON-COURT against MURRAY of TOUCHADAM.