Major events occurred in iran dating back to 2016 bce friends community dating
at the south and east of the Jazira Plateau, which forms the northern and western edge of the "al-Iraq arabi" area.
A monarchy was established in 1921, and the Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932.
The "Cradle of Civilization" is thus a common term for the area comprising modern Iraq as it was home to the earliest known civilisation, the Sumerian civilisation, which arose in the fertile Tigris-Euphrates river valley of southern Iraq in the Chalcolithic (Ubaid period).
It was here, in the late 4th millennium BC, that the world's first writing system and recorded history itself were born.
Out of the insurgency came a highly destructive group calling itself ISIL, which took large parts of the north and west. Disputes over the sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan continue.
A referendum about the full sovereignty of Iraqi Kurdistan was held on 25 September 2017.