Dating locating kiribati
The Republic of Kiribati is comprised of many low coral atolls and several raised limestone islands astride the equator. 1995: Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, and Tuvalu: A review of the uses and status of trees and forests in land use systems with recommendations for future actions: Project RAS/92/T04, FAO. Kiribati's atoll soils, derived from coral limestones, are shallow, alkaline, coarse textured and lacking in nutrients.
Kiribati includes the Gilbert Islands, Banaba and Phoenix Islands, many of which have been extensively exploited by strip-mining for phosphate. Pacific Island Vegetation Descriptions prepared by the Bishop Museum, Hawaii. 1998: Country Report – Kiribati: Heads of Forestry Meeting, Nadi, Fiji; 21-25 September 1998. 1996: Country Report – Kiribati: Heads of Forestry Meeting, Port Vila, Vanuatu; 23-28 September 1996. Mangroves occur in shallow parts of lagoons and are dominated by Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia alba and Lumnitzera littorea. Thaman and Whistler (1995) describe them as being amongst the poorest in the world.
In the northern islands of Butaritari and Makin, the Island Council owns part of the land.
In the Phoenix and Line groups the State or the church owns almost all the land.
The following description of vegetation types is derived from Mueller-Dombois and Fosberg (1998). APCC (1997) gives coconut plantation areas by year between 19, it is supposed to be the same with that of 1996. Coconut statistical yearbook 1997, by Asian and Pacific Coconut Community Brown, C. Kiribati unsuccessfully trialled a milling scheme for senile coconut palms in the mid-1980s. In 2000 the Agroforestry Division introduced two new trees to Kiribati.
Mangroves occur in shallow parts of lagoons and are dominated by Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Sonneratia alba and Lumnitzera littorea. Bamboo and pine trees were introduced in February and April, respectively, to provide raw materials for use in fishing rods, furniture, food and wood used for building.
Both conserving existing resources and planting more trees and plants will help achieve this. The islands extend about 3900 km from east to west, crossing the International Date Line, and about 2 100 km north to south, straddling the equator. All of the islands are atolls except for the island of Banaba (also known as Ocean Island) in the Gilberts. Rainfall is variable across the islands with drought years on the driest islands sometimes yielding as little as 200mm of rain in a year.The sandy, infertile soils of the atolls limit natural and introduced vegetation. The annual averages across the islands of Kiribati ranges from 700mm to 4000mm.But on the other hand there are still concerns and constraints such as poor porous and too alkaline soil, a limited number of crops and vegetables that will grow in our environment, land tenure problems, drought (especially in southern Kiribati) and the awareness of the people of the importance of conservation programmes, training workshops and so forth. Of the fourteen agroforestry and agricultural officers, two are qualified in the field of agroforestry. The other twelve have general knowledge and skills in agricultural science.